Systema Naturae 2000

- Geographic Distribution -

Describes the syntax of the geographic distribution of a taxon and lists the geographic area codes.

Syntax

Element Syntax
Distribution Level1234[{;Level1234}]
Level1234 Level1[:Level234[{,Level234}]]
Level234 Level2[{.Level34}]
Level34 Level3[{.Level4}]

Each level may have these additional suffixes:

Suffix Description
* Indicates that this area is the type-locality
! Indicates that the taxon is endemic to this area
? Indicates that the occurence in this area is uncertain

... and formats:

Format Description
(area) Indicates that this area applies to the taxon in its broadest sense
area1|area2 Indicates that the taxon appears in area1 bordering area2 

Top level Geographic Areas

Code Description
Af Africa
Ant Antarctic region
AO Atlantic Ocean
Arc Arctic region
As Asia
Au Australian region
BlaS Black Sea
CA Central America
Car Caribbean
CasS Caspian Sea
Eu Europe
IO Indian Ocean
Med Mediterranean
NA North America
PO Pacific Ocean
RedS Red Sea
SA South America

Sublevel Geographic Areas

Code Description Habitat
Af:Alg Algeria
Af:Ang Angola
Af:Ben Benin
Af:BFa Burkina Faso
Af:Bot Botswana
Af:Bur Burundi
Af:CAf Central African Republic
Af:Cha Chad
Af:Con Republic of the Congo
Af:Dji Djibouti
Af:EGu Equatorial Guinea
Af:Egy Egypt
Af:Eri Eritrea
Af:Eth Ethiopia
Af:Gab Gabon
Af:Gam The Gambia
Af:GBi Guinea-Bissau
Af:Gha Ghana
Af:Gui Guinea
Af:ICo Ivory Coast
Af:Ken Kenya
Af:Les Lesotho
Af:Libe Liberia
Af:Liby Libya
Af:LNya Lake Nyasa (=Lake Malawi)
Af:LTan Lake Tanganyika
Af:LVic Lake Victoria
Af:Mala Malawi
Af:Mali Mali
Af:Mau Mauritania
Af:Mor Morocco
Af:Moz Mozambique
Af:Nam Namibia
Af:Niga Nigeria
Af:Nigr Niger
Af:Pem Pemba Island
Af:Rwa Rwanda
Af:SAf South Africa
Af:SAf.Cap Cape Province
Af:SAf.Nat Natal
Af:SAf.Ora Orange Free State
Af:SAf.Tra Transvaal
Af:Sen Senegal
Af:SLe Sierra Leone
Af:Som Somalia
Af:Sud Sudan
Af:Swa Swaziland
Af:Tan Tanzania
Af:Tog Togo
Af:Tun Tunisia
Af:Uga Uganda
Af:WSa Western Sahara
Af:Zai Democratic Republic of the Congo (=Zaire)
Af:Zam Zambia
Af:Zan Zanzibar Island
Af:Zim Zimbabwe
Ant:Ant Antarctica
Ant:RosS Ross Sea
Ant:SOce Southern Ocean
Ant:SOr South Orkney Islands
Ant:SSh South Shetland Islands
Ant:WedS Weddell Sea
AO:Asc Ascension
AO:Azo Azores
AO:BBis Bay of Biscay
AO:Ber Bermuda
AO:Can Canary Islands
AO:GGui Gulf of Guinea
AO:Ice Iceland
AO:NAtO North Atlantic Ocean
AO:NorS Norwegian Sea
AO:SHe St. Helena
Arc:AOce Arctic Ocean
Arc:BarS Barents Sea
Arc:FJo Franz Josef Land
Arc:Gre Greenland
Arc:JMa Jan Mayen
Arc:NZe Novaya Zemlya
Arc:Spi Spitsbergen
As:Afg Afghanistan
As:AraS Aral Sea
As:Arm Armenia
As:Aze Azerbaijan
As:Bah Bahrain
As:Ban Bangladesh
As:Bhu Bhutan
As:BndS Banda Sea
As:Bru Brunei
As:Bur Burma
As:Cam Cambodia
As:CelS Celebes Sea
As:Chi China
As:EChS East China Sea
As:Geo Georgia
As:GTha Gulf of Thailand
As:Him Himalaya
As:HKo Hong Kong
As:Indi India
As:Indi.Guj Gujarat
As:Indo Indonesia
As:Indo.Bor Borneo
As:Indo.Jav Java
As:Indo.Sul Sulawesi (=Celebes)
As:Indo.Sum Sumatra
As:Iran Iran
As:Iraq Iraq
As:Isr Israel
As:Jap Japan
As:JavS Java Sea
As:Jor Jordan
As:Kaz Kazakhstan
As:Kuw Kuwait
As:Kyr Kyrgyzstan
As:Lao Laos
As:LBai Lake Baikal
As:Leb Lebanon
As:Mal Malaysia (peninsular)
As:Mal.Sin Singapore
As:Mon Mongolia
As:Nep Nepal
As:NKo North Korea
As:Oma Oman
As:Pak Pakistan
As:Phi Philippines
As:Phi.Sul Sulu Archipelago
As:Qat Qatar
As:Rus Russia (east of Ural Mountains)
As:Sak Sakhalin
As:SAr Saudi Arabia
As:SChS South China Sea
As:SJap Sea of Japan
As:SKo South Korea
As:SLa Sri Lanka (=Ceylon)
As:SOkh Sea of Okhotsk
As:SulS Sulu Sea
As:Syr Syria
As:Tai Taiwan (=Formosa)
As:Taj Tajikistan
As:Tha Thailand
As:Tur Turkey
As:UAE United Arab Emirates
As:Uzb Uzbekistan
As:Vie Vietnam
As:YelS Yellow Sea
As:Yem Yemen (incl. South Yemen)
Au:AraS Arafura Sea
Au:Aus Australia
Au:Aus.NSW New South Wales
Au:Aus.NTe Northern Territory
Au:Aus.Que Queensland
Au:Aus.SAu South Australia
Au:Aus.Vic Victoria
Au:Aus.WAu Western Australia
Au:BasS Bass Strait
Au:GCar Gulf of Carpentaria
Au:NGu New Guinea
Au:NGu.Pap Papua New Guinea
Au:Tas Tasmania
Au:TimS Timor Sea
CA:Bel Belize
CA:CRi Costa Rica
CA:ESa El Salvador
CA:GMex Gulf of Mexico
CA:GPan Gulf of Panama
CA:Gua Guatemala
CA:Hon Honduras
CA:Mex Mexico
CA:Nic Nicaragua
CA:Pan Panama
Car:Ant Antigua
Car:Aru Aruba
Car:Bah Bahamas
Car:Bon Bonaire
Car:Brba Barbuda
Car:Brbs Barbados
Car:CarS Caribbean Sea
Car:Cub Cuba
Car:Cur Curacao
Car:Dom Dominica
Car:Gren Grenada
Car:Gres The Grenadines
Car:Gua Guadeloupe
Car:His Hispaniola
Car:His.Dom Dominican Republic
Car:His.Hai Haiti
Car:Jam Jamaica
Car:Mar Martinique
Car:Mon Montserrat
Car:Nev Nevis
Car:PRi Puerto Rico
Car:Sab Saba
Car:SEu Saint Eustasius
Car:SKi Saint Kitts
Car:SLu Saint Lucia
Car:SMa Saint Martin
Car:SVi Saint Vincent
Car:Vir Virgin Islands
Eu:Alb Albania
Eu:And Andorra
Eu:Aus Austria
Eu:BalS Baltic Sea
Eu:Bela Belarus (=White Russia)
Eu:Belg Belgium
Eu:Bos Bosnia and Herzegovina
Eu:Bul Bulgaria
Eu:Cro Croatia
Eu:Cze Czech Republic
Eu:Den Denmark
Eu:Est Estonia
Eu:Fin Finland
Eu:Fra France, incl. Monaco
Eu:GBot Gulf of Bothnia
Eu:GBr Great Britain
Eu:GBr.Eng England
Eu:GBr.Sco Scotland
Eu:Ger Germany
Eu:GFin Gulf of Finland
Eu:Gre Greece
Eu:Hun Hungary
Eu:Ire Ireland
Eu:Ita Italy, incl. San Marino, excl. Sicily
Eu:Lat Latvia
Eu:Lie Liechtenstein
Eu:Lit Lithuania
Eu:Lux Luxembourg
Eu:Mac Macedonia
Eu:Mol Moldova
Eu:Net The Netherlands
Eu:Nor Norway
Eu:NorS North Sea
Eu:Pol Poland
Eu:Por Portugal
Eu:Rom Romania
Eu:Rus Russia (west of Ural Mountains)
Eu:Ser Serbia and Montenegro (=Yugoslavia)
Eu:Slvk Slovakia
Eu:Slvn Slovenia
Eu:Spa Spain, incl. Gibraltar
Eu:Swe Sweden
Eu:Swi Switzerland
Eu:Ukr Ukraine
Eu:Yug former Yugoslavia
Eu:WhiS White Sea
IO:Ami Amirante Islands
IO:Ami.Des Desroches (Atoll)
IO:AndI Andaman Islands
IO:AndS Andaman Sea
IO:AraS Arabian Sea
IO:BBen Bay of Bengal
IO:Cha Chagos Archipelago
IO:Coc Cocos (=Keeling) Islands
IO:Com Comoros
IO:GAde Gulf of Aden
IO:GOma Gulf of Oman
IO:Mad Madagascar
IO:Mal Maldives
IO:Mau Mauritius
IO:Nic Nicobar Islands
IO:Reu Reunion
IO:Sey Seychelles
IO:Soc Socotra
Med:AdrS Adriatic Sea
Med:AegS Aegean Sea
Med:Cor Corsica
Med:Cre Crete
Med:Cyp Cyprus
Med:Mal Malta
Med:MedS Mediterranean Sea
Med:Sar Sardinia
Med:Sic Sicily
Med:TyrS Tyrrhenian Sea
NA:Ala Alaska
NA:Can Canada
NA:Can.Alb Alberta
NA:Can.BCo British Columbia
NA:Can.HudB Hudson Bay
NA:Can.Man Manitoba
NA:Can.NBr New Brunswick
NA:Can.Nfl Newfoundland
NA:Can.NSc Nova Scotia
NA:Can.NTe Northwest Territories
NA:Can.Ont Ontario
NA:Can.PEd Prince Edward Island
NA:Can.Que Quebec
NA:Can.Sas Saskatchewan
NA:Can.Yuk Yukon Territory
NA:GMai Gulf of Maine
NA:USA United States
NA:USA.Ala Alabama
NA:USA.Ari Arizona
NA:USA.Ark Arkansas
NA:USA.Cal California
NA:UAS.Col Colorado
NA:USA.Con Connecticut
NA:USA.Del Delaware
NA:USA.Flo Florida
NA:USA.Geo Georgia
NA:USA.Ida Idaho
NA:USA.Ill Illinois
NA:USA.Ind Indiana
NA:USA.Iow Iowa
NA:USA.Kan Kansas
NA:USA.Ken Kentucky
NA:USA.Lou Louisiana
NA:USA.Mai Maine
NA:USA.Mar Maryland
NA:USA.Mas Massachusetts
NA:USA.Mic Michigan
NA:USA.Min Minnesota
NA:USA.Mon Montana
NA:USA.Msi Mississippi
NA:USA.Mso Missouri
NA:USA.NCa North Carolina
NA:USA.NDa North Dakota
NA:USA.Neb Nebraska
NA:USA.Nev Nevada
NA:USA.NHa New Hampshire
NA:USA.NJe New Jersey
NA:USA.NMe New Mexico
NA:USA.NYo New York
NA:USA.Ohi Ohio
NA:USA.Okl Oklahoma
NA:USA.Ore Oregon
NA:USA.Pen Pennsylvania
NA:USA.Rho Rhode Island
NA:USA.SCa South Carolina
NA:USA.SDa South Dakota
NA:USA.Ten Tennessee
NA:USA.Tex Texas
NA:USA.Uta Utah
NA:USA.Ver Vermont
NA:USA.Vir Virginia
NA:USA.Was Washington
NA:USA.Wis Wisconsin
NA:USA.WVi West Virginia
NA:USA.Wyo Wyoming
PO:ASa American Samoa
PO:Car Caroline Islands
PO:Gal Galapagos Islands
PO:Gua Guam
PO:Gua.Coc Cocos Island
PO:Fij Fiji
PO:Haw Hawaiian Islands
PO:Haw.Haw Hawaii
PO:Haw.Mau Maui
PO:Ker Kermadec Islands
PO:Kir Kiribati
PO:LHo Lord Howe Island
PO:Mar Marshall Islands
PO:Nau Nauru
PO:NCa New Caledonia
PO:NMa Northern Mariana Islands
PO:Nor Norfolk Island
PO:NZe New Zealand
PO:Pal Palau
PO:SCr Santa Cruz Islands
PO:Sol Solomon Islands
PO:Tah Tahiti
PO:Ton Tonga
PO:Tua Tuamotu Islands
PO:Tuv Tuvalu
PO:Van Vanuatu
PO:WSa Western Samoa
RedS:GSue Gulf of Suez
SA:Ama Amazon
SA:And Andes
SA:Arg Argentina
SA:Bol Bolivia
SA:Bra Brazil
SA:Chi Chile
SA:Col Colombia
SA:Ecu Ecuador
SA:FGu French Guiana
SA:Guy Guyana
SA:Par Paraguay
SA:Pat Patagonia
SA:Pat.Arg Patagonia (Argentina)
SA:Pat.Chi Patagonia (Chile)
SA:Per Peru
SA:Sur Surinam
SA:Tob Tobago
SA:Tri Trinidad
SA:Uru Uruguay
SA:Ven Venezuela

Document last updated: 14 Aug 2003