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Taxon: Phylum Brachiopoda Duméril, 1806 - brachiopods (invertebrate)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 14k;226p;874c;1605o;9906f;114,342g;258,955s;29,252ss;2100v;35,690;112e; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v;7; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v;392;14e
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 14k;226p;874c;1605o;9906f;114,342g;258,954s;29,252ss;2100v;35,690;112e; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v;7; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v;392;14e
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; 24 Apr 2014; Count: 14k;226p;874c;1605o;9906f;114,342g;258,954s;29,252ss;2100v;35,688;112e; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v;7; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v;392;14e
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 8k;226p;874c;1605o;9830f;114,332g;258,530s;29,252ss;2069v;9; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
        Ref: J. Wiemann et al., 2020 [validation] [inferred position]; Count: 6k;226p;399c;1597o;9830f;114,289g;255,303s;29,250ss;2041v;9; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3448f;17,141g;6260s;207ss;2v
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297 [inferred position]; Count: 6k;81p;328c;1441o;9332f;110,744g;238,979s;28,849ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3447f;17,134g;6251s;207ss;2v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; 19 Sep 2015; Count: 6k;76p;318c;1422o;9300f;110,617g;238,533s;28,849ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3447f;17,134g;6251s;207ss;2v
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 116 [inferred position]; 18 Sep 2015; Count: 5k;75p;314c;1414o;9294f;110,399g;238,360s;28,842ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3444f;17,040g;6165s;201ss;2v
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): fig. 2; Count: 5k;74p;308c;1406o;9283f;110,362g;238,305s;28,842ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3444f;17,040g;6165s;201ss;2v
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; 18 Sep 2015; Count: 3k;56p;192c;872o;7292f;88,644g;217,163s;28,335ss;511v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5068s;107ss;2v
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 3k;54p;186c;858o;7256f;88,529g;217,004s;28,335ss;511v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5068s;107ss;2v
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; 19 Sep 2015; Count: [p] 3k;54p;183c;855o;7251f;88,520g;216,991s;28,335ss;511v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5068s;107ss;2v
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3k;52p;174c;824o;7176f;88,275g;216,530s;28,333ss;507v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5067s;107ss;2v
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: L. Tedersoo et al., 2018: 154 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 1k;33p;96c;582o;6241f;78,960g;214,166s;28,325ss;483v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;69c;490o;3020f;12,778g;5058s;107ss;2v
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [inferred position]; 19 Jan 2016; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;580o;6234f;78,940g;214,144s;28,325ss;483v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;69c;490o;3020f;12,778g;5058s;107ss;2v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 33p;92c;576o;6228f;78,884g;214,076s;28,325ss;482v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;69c;490o;3020f;12,778g;5058s;107ss;2v
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1a) [inferred position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1a; Count: 31p;86c;541o;6063f;78,121g;213,526s;28,306ss;471v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †2p;63c;461o;2723f;11,278g;4804s;107ss;2v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1a; Count: 29p;80c;518o;5826f;77,229g;212,789s;28,301ss;463v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †2p;58c;447o;2710f;11,154g;4708s;107ss;2v
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1b) [implicit position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1b; Count: 28p;78c;516o;5802f;77,143g;212,767s;28,301ss;463v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †1p;55c;447o;2706f;11,134g;4686s;107ss;2v
                                       Infrakingdom Protostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1b; Count: 25p;60c;326o;4554f;66,649g;150,654s;15,594ss;155v; ‡1f;2g;101s;8ss; †27c;180o;1539f;3545g;1639s;32ss;1v
                                         Superphylum Spiralia Schleip, 1929
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 42); Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1b; Count: 17p;33c;157o;1273f;8827g;15,711s;445ss;4v; ‡44s;4ss; †12c;89o;921f;1166g;294s;12ss;1v
                                           Clade Platytrochozoa Struck, Wey-Fabrizius, Golombek, Hering, Weigert, Bleidorn, Klebow, Iakovenko, Hausdorf, Petersen, Kück, Herlyn & Hankeln 2014
                                          Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1c) [implicit position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1c; Count: [p] 12p;25c;139o;1200f;8538g;14,089s;437ss;4v; ‡44s;4ss; †12c;88o;921f;1156g;294s;12ss;1v
                                             Clade Lophotrochozoa Halanych, Bacheller, Aguinaldo, Liva, Hillis & Lake 1995 - lophotrochozoans
                                            Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: [167]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1c; Count: [p] 8p;21c;90o;993f;7386g;11,748s;431ss;3v; ‡44s;4ss; †12c;88o;921f;1156g;294s;12ss;1v
                                               Clade Lophophorata Hyman, 1959
                                              Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3); Count: [p] 3p;6c;9o;169f;449g;626s;10ss; †6c;28o;392f;243g;195s;12ss
                                                 [Phylum] Brachiopoda Duméril, 1806 - brachiopods
                                                Ref: F. Marlétaz et al., 2019: 5 (fig. 3) [inferred rank]; Count: [*f] 3c;5o;29f;114g;395s;10ss; †5c;21o;375f;160g;124s;12ss
                                                   Genus †Acanthotretella Holmer & Caron, 2006
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Choffatirhynchia García Joral & Goy, 2004
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Christiania Hall & Clarke, 1892
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s;2ss
                                                   Genus †Cyclospira Hall & Clarke, 1894
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s;2ss
                                                   Genus †Desquamatia Alekseeva, 1960
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 26 Feb 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Duartea Mendes, 1959
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 23 May 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Eoschizophoria Rong & Yang, 1980
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 23 May 2007 [rough position] [indirect position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Flabellulirostrum
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 26 Feb 2007 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                                   Genus †Howellella Kozlowski, 1946
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 23 May 2007 [rough position] [indirect position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Katastrophomena Cocks, 1968
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Kiaeromena Spjeldnaes, 1957
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Lipanorthis Benedetto, 2002
                                                  Ref: M.J. Salas & N.E. Vaccari, in press: 3 [rough position] [implicit position]; Count: †2s
                                                   Genus †Lusitanina Andrade, 2006
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Lusothyris Andrade, 2006
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Mondegia Andrade, 2006
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Navispira Amsden, 1983
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 23 May 2007 [rough position] [indirect position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Neozeilleria Andrade, 2006
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                                   Genus †Nubialba Neuman, 1994
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Origostrophia Mitchell, 1972
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Palaeocarrickella Harper, 2005
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 30 Apr 2007 [rough position]; Count: -
                                                   Genus †Palaeochoristites Sokolskaia, 1941
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Pamirorhynchia
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Praemonticlarella Garcia Joral, 1993
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Prototreta Bell, 1938
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 23 May 2007 [rough position] [indirect position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Rugosochonetes Sokolskaya, 1950
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Schellwienella Thomas, 1910
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Soaresirhynchia Almeras, 1994
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †2s
                                                   Genus †Sphaeroidothyris Buckman, 1914
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Stroudithyris Buckman, 1915
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 27 Mar 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   Genus †Thecocyrtella Bittner, 1892
                                                  Ref: www.zoobank.org: 26 Feb 2007 [rough position]; Count: †1s
                                                   2.1 Subphylum Linguliformea Williams et al., 1996
                                                  Ref: B.L. Cohen, 2000: 229; Count: [*f] 1c;1o;2f;6g;25s; †1c;3o;26f;9g;8s
                                                   2.2 Subphylum Craniiformea Popov, Bassett, Holmer & Laurie, 1993
                                                  Ref: C.M. Howson, 2001: 334; Count: [*f] 1c;1o;1f;4g;19s; †2o;4f;16g;3s
                                                   3 Subphylum Rhynchonelliformea Williams et al., 1996
                                                  Ref: C.M. Howson, 2001: 334; Count: [sf] 1c;3o;26f;104g;351s;10ss; †4c;16o;345f;105g;80s;8ss

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022