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Under construction
Paraphyletic taxon: Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 - bony fishes (fish)
Classification by:

Natura - nature
Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1748: 210; Count: 14k;226p;874c;1605o;9906f;114,342g;258,955s;29,252ss;2100v;35,690;112e; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v;7; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v;392;14e
   actualia - actual entities
  Ref: A. Voltolini, 2006: 44 (note 19) [assumed position]; Count: 14k;226p;874c;1605o;9906f;114,342g;258,954s;29,252ss;2100v;35,690;112e; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v;7; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v;392;14e
     Mundus Plinius - physical world
    Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 5 [indirect position]; 24 Apr 2014; Count: 14k;226p;874c;1605o;9906f;114,342g;258,954s;29,252ss;2100v;35,688;112e; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v;7; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v;392;14e
       naturalia - natural bodies
      Ref: C. Linnaeus, 1758: 6 [implicit position]; Count: 8k;226p;874c;1605o;9830f;114,332g;258,530s;29,252ss;2069v;9; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;550o;3448f;17,150g;6300s;207ss;2v
         [crown] Clade Biota Wagner 2004 [Wiemann, de Queiroz, Rowe, Planavsky, Anderson, Gogarten, Turner & Gauthier 2020]
        Ref: J. Wiemann et al., 2020 [validation] [inferred position]; Count: 6k;226p;399c;1597o;9830f;114,289g;255,303s;29,250ss;2041v;9; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3448f;17,141g;6260s;207ss;2v
           Clade "neomura" Cavalier-Smith 1987
          Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2002b: 297 [inferred position]; Count: 6k;81p;328c;1441o;9332f;110,744g;238,979s;28,849ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3447f;17,134g;6251s;207ss;2v
             Domain Eukaryota Chatton, 1925 - eukaryotes
            Ref: P.M. Kirk et al., 2008: 248 [indirect position]; 19 Sep 2015; Count: 6k;76p;318c;1422o;9300f;110,617g;238,533s;28,849ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3447f;17,134g;6251s;207ss;2v
               Clade neokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 1993 - mitochondrial eukaryotes
              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 116 [inferred position]; 18 Sep 2015; Count: 5k;75p;314c;1414o;9294f;110,399g;238,360s;28,842ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3444f;17,040g;6165s;201ss;2v
                 Clade neozoa Cavalier-Smith 1993
                Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): fig. 2; Count: 5k;74p;308c;1406o;9283f;110,362g;238,305s;28,842ss;2023v;2; ‡2o;20f;118g;518s;110ss;1v; †4p;75c;549o;3444f;17,040g;6165s;201ss;2v
                   Clade scotokaryotes Cavalier-Smith 2000
                  Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [emended diagnosis] [indirect position]; 18 Sep 2015; Count: 3k;56p;192c;872o;7292f;88,644g;217,163s;28,335ss;511v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5068s;107ss;2v
                     Clade podiates Cavalier-Smith 2012
                    Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith et al., 2015: 357 [new position]; Count: [p] 3k;54p;186c;858o;7256f;88,529g;217,004s;28,335ss;511v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5068s;107ss;2v
                       [crown] Clade Amorphea Adl et al. 2012
                      Ref: S.M. Adl et al., 2012: table 1 (p. 430) [new taxon] [indirect position]; 19 Sep 2015; Count: [p] 3k;54p;183c;855o;7251f;88,520g;216,991s;28,335ss;511v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5068s;107ss;2v
                         [crown] Clade Opisthokonta Cavalier-Smith 1987
                        Ref: E.J. van Nieukerken, 2010: 98 [indirect position]; Count: [p] 3k;52p;174c;824o;7176f;88,275g;216,530s;28,333ss;507v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;70c;491o;3021f;13,264g;5067s;107ss;2v
                           Superkingdom Holozoa Lang, O'Kelly, Nerad, Gray & Burger, 2002
                          Ref: L. Tedersoo et al., 2018: 154 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 1k;33p;96c;582o;6241f;78,960g;214,166s;28,325ss;483v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;69c;490o;3020f;12,778g;5058s;107ss;2v
                             Clade filozoa Shalchian-Tabrizi, Minge, Espelund, Orr, Ruden, Jakobsen & Cavalier-Smith 2008
                            Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [inferred position]; 19 Jan 2016; Count: [p] 1k;33p;95c;580o;6234f;78,940g;214,144s;28,325ss;483v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;69c;490o;3020f;12,778g;5058s;107ss;2v
                               Kingdom Animalia Linnaeus, 1758 - animals
                              Ref: T. Cavalier-Smith, 2013(2012): 156 [implicit position]; Count: [p] 33p;92c;576o;6228f;78,884g;214,076s;28,325ss;482v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †4p;69c;490o;3020f;12,778g;5058s;107ss;2v
                                 Clade Planulozoa Wallberg, Thollesson, Farris & Jondelius 2004
                                Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1a) [inferred position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1a; Count: 31p;86c;541o;6063f;78,121g;213,526s;28,306ss;471v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †2p;63c;461o;2723f;11,278g;4804s;107ss;2v
                                   Subkingdom Bilateria Hatschek, 1888 - bilaterians
                                  Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 36) [indirect position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1a; Count: 29p;80c;518o;5826f;77,229g;212,789s;28,301ss;463v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †2p;58c;447o;2710f;11,154g;4708s;107ss;2v
                                     Clade Nephrozoa Jondelius, Ruiz-Trillo, Baguñà & Riutort 2002
                                    Ref: G. Giribet & G.D. Edgecombe, 2019: 168 (fig. 1b) [implicit position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1b; Count: 28p;78c;516o;5802f;77,143g;212,767s;28,301ss;463v;1; ‡2o;20f;117g;514s;110ss;1v; †1p;55c;447o;2706f;11,134g;4686s;107ss;2v
                                       Infrakingdom Deuterostomia Grobben, 1908
                                      Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 48) [indirect position]; Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1b; Count: [p] 3p;18c;190o;1248f;10,494g;62,113s;12,707ss;308v;1; ‡2o;19f;115g;413s;102ss;1v; †1p;28c;267o;1167f;7589g;3047s;75ss;1v
                                         Phylum Chordata Bateson, 1885 - chordates
                                        Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 48); Giribet & Edgecombe, 2019: fig. 1b; Count: 9c;149o;1087f;9946g;61,722s;12,699ss;306v;1; ‡2o;19f;115g;413s;102ss;1v; †7c;215o;1146f;7448g;2995s;70ss;1v
                                           Subphylum Vertebrata Cuvier, 1812 - vertebrates
                                          Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 48); Count: [fc] 6c;142o;1063f;9855g;61,522s;12,695ss;306v;1; ‡2o;19f;115g;413s;102ss;1v; †7c;215o;1146f;7443g;2994s;70ss;1v
                                             [Infraphylum Gnathostomata Gegenbaur, 1874 - jawed vertebrates] see Superclass Gnathostomata Gegenbaur, 1874
                                            Ref: M.A. Ruggiero et al., 2015b: table 2 (p. 48); auct.; Count: -
                                               [Class Osteichthyes Huxley, 1880 [paraphyletic] - bony fishes] see [unranked] Euteleostomi
                                              Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 434; Count: †2o
                                                 [Order Alepisauriformes Regan, 1911]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 311; Count: -
                                                 Order †Bobasatraniformes
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307; Count: -
                                                 Order †Cephaloxeniformes
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 307; Count: -
                                                 [Subclass Choanichthyes] see Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986 [informal mention] [indirect position]; Count: -
                                                 [Order Megalopiformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 309; Count: -
                                                 [Order "Syngnathiiformes" Bailly, Eschmeyer, Froese, Quéro, van der Land, Costello, Zavodnik, Serrão Santos & Mora Porteiro, 2001, orth. inval.] see Order Syngnathiformes Berg, 1940
                                                Ref: N. Bailly et al., 2001: 368; Count: -
                                                 [Order "Tetradontiformes"] see Order Tetraodontiformes Berg, 1937
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 318; Count: -
                                                 1 [Subclass †Acanthodii Owen, 1846] see Class Acanthodii Owen, 1846
                                                Ref: A.S. Romer & T.S. Parsons, 1986: App. 1 (p. 621); Count: -
                                                 1 [Subclass Paleopterygii]
                                                Ref: 1977; Count: -
                                                 2 [Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891 - ray-finned fishes] see Class Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 434; Count: -
                                                 2.0 [Subclass "Actinopterygi"] see Subclass Actinopterygii Woodward, 1891
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2005: fig. 7.7 [error]; Count: -
                                                 2.2.0 [Subclass Brachiopterygii]
                                                Ref: 1989; Count: -
                                                 3 [Subclass Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955 [paraphyletic]] see Clade Sarcopterygii Romer, 1955
                                                Ref: M.J. Benton, 2015: 436; Count: 1o; †3f;6g;1s
                                                 3.1.0 [Subclass Dipneusti] see Order Dipnoi Müller, 1844
                                                Ref: 1989; Count: -
                                                 3.1.0 [Order Dipteriformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305; Count: -
                                                 3.2 [Subclass Crossopterygii Huxley, 1861] see Infraclass Crossopterygii Huxley, 1861
                                                Ref: 1977; Count: -
                                                 3.2.0 [Order Coelocanthiformes]
                                                Ref: J.J. Sepkoski Jr., 2002: 305; Count: -

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Last updated: 4 Aug 2022